How to Embroider Letters - Hand Embroidery for Beginners

Personalize Items with Embroidered Letters

If you're interested in personalizing your items with embroidery, we're here to guide you through the basics of hand embroidery for beginners, particularly lettering.

Embroidery transforms ordinary items into unique treasures, allowing for the addition of a personal touch through monogrammed handkerchiefs, special messages on quilts, and more.

Though it may seem daunting, embroidering letters is simpler than it appears.

Personalizing gifts or your own items creates something truly special, unmatched by machine-made products.

Embroidery offers customization for a variety of items, including baby bibs and room signs, making it an excellent starting point for beginners to build confidence.

Personalized gifts, like a monogrammed handkerchief for your grandma or a gym bag for your child, are a thoughtful way to brighten someone's day.

Learning to embroider letters opens up endless possibilities for creativity on items like t-shirts and pillow cases, whether you choose contrasting colors or a subtle “white-on-white” approach.

If intricate designs seem intimidating, start with simple projects such as a single letter, and progress to more complex designs as your confidence grows.

Remember, the goal of embroidery is to enjoy the process and express yourself. Imperfections add character, highlighting the special personal touch of embroidered items.

lettering makes a good hand embroidery for beginners projectA simple room sign for my nieces with their embroidered names

My First Try at Hand Embroidery for Beginners

I remember when I began embroidering. I was hesitant at first, wondering if it was too difficult or time-consuming. But once I got the hang of it, I couldn't stop! Embroidery turned out to be so satisfying, transforming ordinary items into unique pieces with just a needle and thread.

One of my favorite projects was personalized Christmas stockings for my family.

I embroidered each person's name on the cuff, which was challenging at times, especially when I pricked my finger (ouch!). Seeing the finished result made it all worth it.

It made our Christmas mornings more special, knowing each stocking was made with love.

Introduction to Embroidering Letters on Different Fabrics

To help you get started, I've prepared a few essential tips to guide you through the process:

1. Choosing the right fabric: Opt for cotton, calico, or polycotton materials, as they are beginner-friendly and offer excellent results.

2. Transferring your design: Use a HB pencil to trace your letters on paper, then turn the tracing paper over and go over the lines with your transfer pencil. Iron the design onto the fabric to ensure it's correctly positioned.

3. Working with textured fabrics: If you're embroidering on baby blankets or toweling, use tissue paper and tacking stitches to create a guide for your embroidery.

4. Selecting the perfect stitches: For beginners, outlining stitches such as backstitch and stem stitch work exceptionally well. As you gain confidence, explore side-by-side rows of split stitch or chain stitch for more decorative letters.

satin stitch 01Filling a letter with satin stitch worked over a back stitch outline

Choosing beginner friendly fabrics

For beginners, cotton, calico, and polycotton materials are recommended for projects like embroidering letters.

These materials make starting out more enjoyable and successful as they are generally more managable. They don’t stretch or distort easily making it simpler to maintain even and consistent stitches, which helps prevent frustration during the learning process.

They are also durable and can withstand the pulling and tension that often comes with embroidery. This helps prevent wear and tear and allows unpicking without marring the fabric when practicing.

As you gain confidence and skill, you can explore other types of fabrics to expand your embroidery repertoire.

Transferring a design onto fabric

Transferring a design onto fabric is a key step before starting embroidery, especially for beginners. It ensures that you have a clear guide to follow, which can significantly improve the accuracy and quality of your finished piece.

Here are several beginner-friendly methods to transfer an embroidery design onto fabric:

1. Tracing Method

Materials Needed: Light source (window or lightbox), washable fabric marker or pencil, and your design printed on paper.


1. Tape your design to a window or place it on a lightbox.

2. Position your fabric over the design. Ensure the fabric is smooth and securely in place.

3. Using the marker or pencil, carefully trace the design onto the fabric.

This method works well for light-colored, somewhat transparent fabrics.

2. Transfer Paper (Carbon or Dressmaker's Paper)

Materials Needed: Colouredtransfer paper, tracing stylus (or empty ballpoint pen), and your design.


1. Lay your fabric down on a flat surface.

2. Place the transfer paper color-side down on the fabric.

3. Position your letters on top of the transfer paper.

4. Trace over the design with the stylus or pen. Apply firm, even pressure to ensure the design transfers.

This method is suitable for a wide range of fabric colors and thicknesses.

3. Water-Soluble Stabilizer

Materials Needed: Water-soluble stabilizer, printer (if the stabilizer is printable), and embroidery hoop.


1. Print or trace your design onto the water-soluble stabilizer.

2. Place the stabilizer on top of your fabric and secure both in an embroidery hoop.

3. Embroider through both the stabilizer and fabric following your design.

4. Once finished, remove the stabilizer by dampening or soaking in water according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Ideal for complex designs or fabrics where tracing is challenging.

4. Iron-On Transfer Pens or Pencils

Materials Needed: Iron-on transfer pen or pencil, tracing paper, and iron.


1. Trace your design onto tracing paper using an HB pencil, then go over the back with your transfer pen.

2. Place the traced design, transfer down, on your fabric. This will ensure your letters aren't backwards on the fabric!

3. Using a hot iron (no steam), press over the back of the tracing paper. The heat will transfer the design onto the fabric.

Good for when you need to transfer a design multiple times or onto dark fabrics.

Tips for Beginners

  • Always test your chosen transfer method on a scrap piece of fabric first to ensure it works as expected.
  • Choose a method that suits your fabric type, design complexity, and personal comfort.
  • Ensure your fabric is properly secured in an embroidery hoop before starting to stitch. This keeps the fabric taut and makes embroidering easier.

By following these methods, beginners can confidently transfer their desired designs onto fabric, setting a solid foundation for successful embroidery projects.

Working on textured fabrics

Working on textured fabrics can present unique challenges due to their uneven surface or loose weave.

Here are some tips to help you tackle embroidering on textured fabrics successfully:

  • Selecting the appropriate needle size and type is critical when working on textured fabrics. A sharp embroidery needle is often the best choice as it can pierce through the fabric more easily without snagging, especially when using thicker fabrics. This avoids strain on the material and your hands.
  • Using a fabric stabilizer can provide a smooth surface for your stitches and support the fabric reducing puckering and distortion. You can opt for cut-away, tear-away and water soluble stabilizers. Choose one that best suits your fabric type and the complexity of your design.
  • Adjusting your hoop is necessary to keep the material taut and prevent shifting while you stitch. Try not to overstretch the fabric as this can distort the texture. I advise picking a slightly larger hoop than you normally would to help distribute tension more evenly.
  • Practice makes perfect. Too much tension on your stitches can pull the fabric out of shape and result in puckering when you remove the hoop. Too little, can result in loose, sloppy stitches that don’t stay where you put them.
  • Simplify your design when using textured fabrics. Complex designs with intricate details may be lost on heavily textured surfaces. Bold simple letters and lines can stand out better than fussy elements on such fabrics.
  • Experiment with thread types as they can produce various effects on textured fabric. For example, a thicker thread can make your embroidered lettering more visible, while a finer thread may be better for more detailed work.

What stitches to use

Now, let's talk stitches. If this is your first time tackling hand embroidery for beginners start with simple stitches.

Outlining works great. Backstitch and stem stitch are perfect for that. 

embroider a nameStem stitch for the B and backstitch for the rest of the name makes this simple

If you want to get more creative with thicker letters or monograms, side by side rows of split stitch, or chain stitch are great go-to options.

split stitch 02Split stitch can be stitched in side by side rows to fill wider areas

Remember, practice makes perfect. Don't be discouraged if your first attempts don't turn out exactly as you envisioned.

With time and practice, your embroidery skills will improve, and you'll create beautiful, personalised pieces like the padded satin stitch initial I stitched for my mum, shown below.

lette s floral

If you want to learn more stitches, be sure to check out my basic embroidery stitches page. There's a whole world of embroidery waiting for you to explore.

So go ahead, grab some fabric, thread, and a needle, and let your imagination run wild. Explore different stitches, experiment with colours, and don't be afraid to make mistakes along the way. Trust me, you'll be amazed at what you can create.

Common Beginner Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Achieving Even Stitch Length

Achieving even stitch length helps to create professional-looking embroidery work, but it can prove tricky for beginners.

Begin by practicing simple stitches that you can easily control. This will help you build muscle memory and learn the hand positions needed to create even stitches.

A helpful tip is to practice on fabric that has a visible weave, patterned lines or checks. You can use the lines or checks as a guide to ensure each stitch is the same length.

If your fabric does not have a grid to follow, you can draw your own guidelines using a fabric marker or tailor’s chalk. Using a ruler will ensure the lines are straight and you can even mark dots for where each stitch will start.

Creating Smooth Curves

OK so you have mastered straight lines, but some embroidered letters, such as “S” or “O” have curves!

Start with the right materials. A good quality, tightly woven fabric that is secured in an embroidery hoop will provide a stable base for your stitching. Choose an appropriate needle and thread for the fabric you are working on. A thinner needle and thread can be easier to control for detailed work.

This may sound silly, but before you start stitching practice drawing the letters on paper. This will help you become comfortable with the shape and flow of the curve. Once you’re confident drawing them, sketch them directly onto your fabric with a water soluble marker or pencil. This will act as a guide while you stitch.

Choose the right stitch. For smooth curves stem stitch, chain stitch or split stitch are excellent choices, because they naturally curve along with your drawn lines. Practice them (one at a time) on scrap materials to understand how they behave on curves.

Keep your stitches short. On tighter curves, make your stitches shorter than you would for straight lines or gentle curves. Shorter stitches allow more precision and create a smoother appearance. As you stitch, pay close attention to the direction of each stitch, ensuring it aligns with the curve's direction.

Maintain even tension. Consistent thread tension is key to smooth stitches. If your tension is too tight, the fabric may pucker, distorting the curve. Too loose, and the stitches won’t form a neat line.

Take your time. Rushing through a curved letter will likely result in uneven stitches and jagged lines. Take your time with each stitch, ensuring it’s placed exactly where you want it.

Remember, embroidery is a skill that improves with practice and patience. It’s perfectly normal for your first attempts at curved letters to be less than perfect.

Celebrate the progress you make with each project, and don’t hesitate to try again. With time, you’ll find your stitches becoming smoother and your confidence growing.

Keep practicing, and soon, embroidering smooth curves will come naturally to you.

Taking it further

Learn to embroider flowers
Learn to embroider leaves


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