Using a laying tool can give a neater appearance to your needlework by helping multiple strands of floss or other fibres lay side-by-side without twisting.
You will find laying tools made from many materials; wood, metal, bone, glass or even plastic. I prefer a wooden handled tool, as it is light to hold and durable. The bone or glass tools can break if you drop them, whereas I find the metal versions are heavier. The most important requirement is that they are smooth and free from burs or rough areas.
Basically, they are a long, thin or tapered instrument, sometimes with a handle, that resembles an awl.
There is also a version that you can slip onto your finger, which is known as a trolley needle. The danger here is forgetting you are wearing it and poking yourself in the eye!
Bring the needle through the fabric and then, holding the tool in your left hand, press it against the floss close to the fabric.
Gently slide the tool towards you a little, spreading the strands flat against the fabric.
Still holding the tool against the thread, push the needle back into the fabric and slowly pull it through until the thread forms a loop around the tool.
Then allow the tool to guide the strands into place before removing it carefully.
In the photograph, left, I worked the top row using the laying tool. The stitches look smoother and fuller than the unlaid row below.
The fibre used in this sample was Eterna silk and laying the threads enables it to shine evenly. You can see that in the bottom row the light catches the stitches at different angles depending on how they lay.
Although not as glossy, stranded embroidery cotton or floss can also benefit from being laid.
In this photograph I used the tool for the bottom row.
You can see how the stitches look fuller and give the appearance of a solid area of stitching, where those in the top row look like separate stitches.
I have used satin stitch in the samples above as it is easier to show the effect it gives. However, you can also use this technique for cross stitch or any other type of embroidery or needlepoint that requires the stitches to lay flat.