Are you here to learn how to cross stitch? Great! This cross stitch tutorial will cover all the basics.
If this is your first try, I would suggest you use 14 count Aida cloth .
The design is counted from a chart, not marked on the fabric in any way. Each square on the chart corresponds to a "woven square" of fabric, with a hole in each corner.
Each thread colour is represented by a different symbol on the chart. For example black may be shown as a solid square, whereas red may be a heart shaped symbol.
Floss manufacturers use a numbering system so you can easily tell colors apart.
Starting your stitching in the centre ensures that the design will fit on the fabric. Most charts have the centre marked, either with arrows or a coloured line. Fold the fabric in half both ways, and crease it gently, to mark the centre. You can then put the fabric into an embroidery hoop to keep it taut.
We will use a tapestry needle for cross stitch as it is blunt and will not pierce the fabric threads (or your finger).
If you are stitching on Aida 14, most charts will specify using 2 strands of embroidery floss.
Check this video for an easy way to separate the strands from the 6 stranded cotton. Before you pop back here by clicking on the "BACK" button in your browser, check further down that page to find a simple method of starting your thread with the "loop method".
The photo shows what is known as the continental method, this is a good way to learn how to cross stitch.
Welcome back to your learn how to cross stitch lesson.
Look at your chart and find the symbol nearest to the centre. On this sample chart the centre would be the top left of the owls beak.
This has the number 2 as its symbol. We will use yellow, as shown in the key below. The number 444 relates to the DMC colour number.
Start by working two cross stitches for the top row of his beak. We then work our way down the design using up the thread colour in our needle, so next we would cross stitch the row of three yellow stitches underneath. The next row needs 2 again and then a single stitch finishes his beak.
Ah, well actually it doesn't! Did you spot the lone cross stitch the other side of the flower stem (the straight line symbols)?
I would stitch this at the same time I worked the row of three crosses. Just miss one hole and place the last yellow stitch where it needs to be. Carrying the thread across the back of one to four stitches is fine, but try to avoid trailing it long distances. It is often better to fasten off and start again if there is a big gap.
Once the beak is complete you need to choose another symbol (colour) and work a block of that. On this design I would pick the empty circle symbol, or light tan colour, and stitch the area underneath and to the left of your owl's beak. As there are many stitches to work in this colour on the other side of the flower stem I would leave them for a separate piece of thread.
The finishing step in your learn how to cross stitch lesson is to outline it with backstitch. Not all designs have backstitch but many do. Normally if you have used 2 strands of thread (floss) for the cross stitch, you will use just 1 strand for the backstitch.
This is where I tend to cheat a little, as I don't like leaving all the backstitch until last. Once the stitches are worked on both sides of a line that will be outlined I tend to get that backstitching in place. Little and often. If I still have plenty of thread left in my needle I will "park" it out of the way for the time being while I complete more of the cross stitch, picking it up again when needed.
This little owl, along with many others, is available to download as an ebook. I hope you have enjoyed learning how to cross stitch.
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The history of Embroidery from Anglo Saxon to the 20th Century
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